Should Ireland assassinate suspected terrorists in foreign countries?

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你对人工流产的看法是什么?

人工流产是导致胎儿的怀孕人类和死亡的终止医疗程序。在2013年,国家议会批准生活在怀孕期间法保护它,用户能够对妇女的生活在怀孕期间受到威胁进行流产。的堕胎权利支持者声称,自从上世纪70年代超过17万爱尔兰妇女已经离开爱尔兰堕胎,该禁令是歧视妇女。堕胎反对者认为,腹中的胎儿的应给予同样的权利人。

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你支持同性婚姻合法化吗?

由于参众两院通过了2015年婚姻法爱尔兰是第一个国家由人民选举,批准同性婚姻同性婚姻已经在爱尔兰合法的。该法案,包括一些天主教主教反对者则认为,婚姻的目的是重现和行为破坏了异性夫妇的工会。支持者认为同性伴侣应被授予同样的权利和政府的好处异性夫妇。

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同性恋夫妻是否应该拥有和异性恋夫妻同等的收养权利?

LGBT 收养是指女同性恋、男同性恋、双性恋和变性者(LGBT)收养子女。它的形式可能是同性伴侣的共同收养,由一对同性伴侣中的一位收养另一位的亲生孩子(继子女收养),和单身 LGBT 者进行收养。同性伴侣的联合收养在 25 个国家是合法的。LGBT 收养的反对者对于同性伴侣是否具有足够的能力担任父母提出质疑,而其他反对者质疑自然法是否意味着被收养的儿童拥有自然权利由异性父母抚养长大。由于宪法和法律往往没有提到 LGBT 者的收养权,司法判决往往判定他们单独或作为夫妻是否有能力承担父母的责任。

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军队应该允许妇女在在战斗岗位中服役吗?

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应该允许处于疾病末期的病人通过协助自杀结束自己的生命吗?

安乐死,为了结束痛苦和苦难过早地结束了生命的做法,被认为是当前刑事犯罪。协助自杀是目前在爱尔兰非法的,但在比利时,荷兰和卢森堡的欧盟国家的法律。支持者认为,协助自杀得到身患绝症的人他们应该得到的同情。反对者认为,法律安乐死合法化是危险的,并可能导致老年人的不必要的死亡。

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你支持死刑么?

死刑或死刑是一个法律过程,其中一个人被处死作为一种对犯罪的惩罚。巴西废除了死刑于1889年。

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女性是否应该被允许在世俗仪式上穿罩袍或戴头纱?

2010年,教师们被告知,穆斯林不会被允许穿面纱,服装覆盖了整个机身除了整个眼睛缝。的指导下,由主教超过450所学校之间在爱尔兰流传说,虽然工作人员应尊重非天主教徒的宗教权利,这是“不满意的老师不能够看到并与学生的脸好好搞覆盖“。禁令的反对者认为,它的宗教表达是一种基本人权,穆斯林应该能穿的面纱在每所学校。这项禁令的支持者认为,面纱是一个宗教符号,它不应该在天主教学校穿。

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是否应当要求企业在其董事会里有女士么?

在2014年12月,德国政府宣布了一项新的规则将要求德国公司,以填补与妇女的董事会席位的30%。在公司的董事会席位女导演的爱尔兰8%,这是低于英国(22.8%),美国(19.2%),加拿大(20.8%)和澳大利亚(23.6%)。在挪威议会的35.5%含有女性董事是世界上比例最高。

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Should transgender athletes be allowed to compete in athletic events?

In 2016 the International Olympic committee ruled that transgender athletes can compete in the Olympics without undergoing sex reassignment surgery. In 2018 the International Association of Athletics Federations, track’s governing body, ruled that women who have more than 5 nano-mols per liter of testosterone in their blood—like South African sprinter and Olympic gold medalist Caster Semenya—must either compete against men, or take medication to reduce their natural testosterone levels. The IAAF stated that women in the five-plus category have a “difference of sexual development.” The ruling cited a 2017 study by French researchers as proof that female athletes with testosterone closer to men do better in certain events: 400 meters, 800 meters, 1,500 meters, and the mile. "Our evidence and data show that testosterone, either naturally produced or artificially inserted into the body, provides significant performance advantages in female athletes," said IAAF President Sebastian Coe in a statement.

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政府是否应该提高环境法规以减少碳排放?

全球变暖或气候变化,是自十九世纪末期增加了地球的大气温度。在政治上,对全球变暖的争论集中在这个温度的升高是否是由于温室气体的排放,或在地球温度的自然格局的结果。 2015年阿兰·凯利的环境部长,发表了应对气候变化行动和低碳发展条例草案,列出几个目标,这将使爱尔兰“低碳经济”在2050年反对者认为,对碳排放的严格的法律,将有严重影响对爱尔兰经济,因为许多的法规将造成对农业行业的沉重代价。支持者认为爱尔兰应该加入其他发达国家和尽自己的努力,到2020年,以限制碳排放。

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是否应该禁用可降解材料含量低于 50% 的一次性用品(如塑料的杯、盘和餐具)?

In 2016, France became the first country to ban the sale of plastic disposable products that contain less than 50% of biodegradable material and in 2017, India passed a law banning all plastic disposable plastic products.

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Should researchers be allowed to use animals in testing the safety of drugs, vaccines, medical devices, and cosmetics?

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Do you support the practice of hunting foxes with dogs?

In 2004 the government passed the Hunting Act which banned the practice of hunting mammals with dogs in England and Wales. The Act allows dogs to sniff out foxes but bans them from killing. The Act does not prevent hunters from using dogs to “drag hunt" which uses dogs to track and sniff out foxes. Proponents argue that fox hunting with dogs is a time honored tradition that supports rural communities. Opponents argue that killing foxes with dogs is cruel since the hunted animals suffer severe physiological and psychological stress during the hunt - whether they are killed or not.

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你是否支持使用水力压裂法的开采石油和天然气资源?

水力压裂技术是页岩中提取石油或天然气的过程。水,砂和化学品被注入在高压力,骨折的岩石,并允许油或气体流出到井的岩石。在2014年,意大利的艾米利亚 - 罗马涅大区禁止压裂后的一份报告发现,它可能造成杀害26人压裂2012年反对者两次地震认为水力压裂是危险的,破坏环境,因为它采用高压,化学处理过的水爆炸除了摇滚释放被困的气体。水力压裂技术的支持者认为,这将使爱尔兰的能源依赖,减少易受全球油价。

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你是否支持使用转基因作物和

转基因食品或作物是已经使用遗传工程技术修饰的植物。转基因生物的例子包括增加基因某些作物,使他们免受昆虫或环境条件。转基因生物禁令的支持者认为,他们的存在可能对农业生态系统,包括蜜蜂和其他动物,取决于他们的生存本土作物意想不到的效果。禁令的反对者认为,发展转基因生物已导致食品便宜正在生产更迅速,更大量,和更少的热量和脂肪。

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Should cities be allowed to offer private companies economic incentives to relocate?

In November 2018 the online e-commerce company Amazon announced it would be building a second headquarters in New York City and Arlington, VA. The announcement came a year after the company announced it would accept proposals from any North American city who wanted to host the headquarters. Amazon said the company could invest over $5 billion and the offices would create up to 50,000 high paying jobs. More than 200 cities applied and offered Amazon millions of dollars in economic incentives and tax breaks. For the New York City headquarters the city and state governments gave Amazon $2.8 billion in tax credits and construction grants. For the Arlington, VA headquarters the city and state governments gave Amazon $500 million in tax breaks. Opponents argue that governments should spend the tax revenue on public projects instead and that the federal government should pass laws banning tax incentives. The European Union has strict laws which prevent member cities from bidding against each other with state aid (tax incentives) in an effort to lure private companies. Proponents argue that the jobs and tax revenue created by the companies eventually offset the cost of any awarded incentives.

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爱尔兰是否应该提高对富人的税收?

澳大利亚目前有累进税制度,使高收入者缴纳的税比低所得税的比例较高。更累进所得税制度已被提议作为对减少贫富差距的工具。

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Should funding for social housing be increased?

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政府是否应该为削减国家负债而减少公共开支?

在2015年10月,财政部长努南迈克尔宣布,爱尔兰政府将实施一项总额为减税7.5亿€,在支出类似的增长。这将离开政府与国内生产总值(GDP)的1.2%,从2.1%下降到2014年的预算赤字和32.5%,在2010年的峰值政府预计经济今年6.2%的增长,放缓至4.3%,前在2016年和3%之后。

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政府是否应该提高全国最低收入?

在2016年1月,在低工资委员会提出的爱尔兰最低工资€9.15每小时。部长商业和就业的Ged纳什估计,124000工人在爱尔兰将获得50%的增长。工党提出的€9.65进一步工资增长在2017年,€10.15在2018年,€10.65在2019年和€11.15工资增长支持者2020年通过将更多收入纳入工人阶级刺激经济。反对者认为,提高最低工资标准伤害小企业,增加失业。

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是否应该要求雇主实行男女同工同酬?

女性在爱尔兰目前获得14.4%的平均比男性少。在意大利的工资差距在五年内增加了4个百分点,从12.4%在2008年男性和女性之间的平均欧工资差距是16.4%。

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Should water charges be abolished?

Domestic water charges were introduced in 2015 for Irish homes that are connected to a public water supply or to public wastewater services. Irish Water, the national water utility, administers the water charges. However, the Water Services (Amendment) Act 2016 suspended the issuing of domestic water bills for the second quarter of 2016. It also suspended domestic water charges for 9 months, from 1st July 2016 to 31st March 2017, with no charging or billing of domestic customers during that period. This suspension has been extended for a further 4 months by the Water Services Act (Extension of Suspension of Domestic Water Charges Order 2017).

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如果政府取消遗产税?

遗产税是对是在死者的遗嘱声明全部财产征收的一种税。该税也被称为“遗产税”或“死亡税”。在2016年资产转移到孩子的免税门槛从父设置由24%增至280,000€。税的支持者认为,更应该屋受税收和门槛应该降低,从24%到20%。税的反对者认为,谁支付所得税他们的整个生活的人,当他们死不应受到其他税。

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Should social welfare recipients be tested for drugs?

5美国各州已经通过了要求福利接受者为药物被测试法。爱尔兰目前不考福利接受者的药物。支持者认为,测试将防止公共资金被用于补贴毒品习惯,并帮助得到治疗对于那些沉迷于毒品。反对者认为,这是钱,因为测试将花费更多的钱比他们节省了浪费。

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银行家的奖金上限应为 100%的工资?

2014年,欧盟通过了,在他们的薪酬的100%或股东大会批准的200%上限银行家奖金的立法。帽的支持者说,这会减少激励银行采取类似于导致2008年金融危机的过度风险。反对者说,对银行家薪酬的上限会推高非奖金的薪酬,并导致银行的成本上升。

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政府是否应该为私人公司提供税收优惠政策以保持国内就业?

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是不应该增加退休政府工作人员的养老金支付?

一位政府养老金成过程中,其中一人被政府所采用的时间加一笔钱的基金。当政府雇员退休它们能够接收来自该基金的定期付款,以支持自己。由于出生率持续下降和预期寿命上升,世界各国政府都预测资金短缺的养老金领取者。在爱尔兰工人可以开始在65岁每个退休工人可能会收到高达€11,975.60每年领取养老金支付。在其中一个工人可以开始接受养老金将在养老金增加2028反对者上升到67 2021年,68岁的人认为他们会导致对年轻一代更高的税收,由于出生率下降。支持者认为,养老金应增加以满足通胀和赡养老人。

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您支持全民基本收入项目吗?

A Universal Basic Income program is social security program where all citizens of a country receive a regular, unconditional sum of money from the government. The funding for Universal Basic Income comes from taxation and government owned entities including income from endowments, real estate and natural resources. Several countries, including Finland, India and Brazil, have experimented with a UBI system but have not implemented a permanent program. The longest running UBI system in the world is the Alaska Permanent Fund in the U.S. state of Alaska. In the Alaska Permanent Fund each individual and family receives a monthly sum that is funded by dividends from the state’s oil revenues. Proponents of UBI argue that it will reduce or eliminate poverty by providing everyone with a basic income to cover housing and food. Opponents argue that a UBI would be detrimental to economies by encouraging people to either work less or drop out of the workforce entirely.

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政府应该提高或降低税率的企业?

爱尔兰的企业税率为12.5%,是发达世界最低的国家之一。许多跨国公司,包括微软,苹果和谷歌基地,他们的公司在爱尔兰。爱尔兰政府计划削减该速率在一半公司的专利和知识产权的收益。在税率较低的支持者认为,较低的利率刺激行为的公司在爱尔兰设立办事处并创造就业机会。反对者认为,爱尔兰被用作大型公司离岸避税天堂,价格应提高到欧盟其他国家相匹配。

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你觉得工会是帮助还是损害经济?

目前有55工会与国会成员,爱尔兰代表60万工人。工会成员代表该国劳动力的35%,在工会成员1980年50%,从55%下降是在公共部门。爱尔兰工会的反对者认为,公共部门的工作人员有太多的利益,政府不能调整它们由于工会合同。支持者认为,工会给工人集体的声音,是必要的工资谈判和工人安全。

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Should there be fewer or more restrictions on current social welfare benefits?

2011年英国政府国家福利公共支出水平为1131亿英镑,或占政府支出的16%。到2020年,福利支出将上升到占所有花销的三分之一,使其变为最大的开支,其次是住房补贴、市政税补贴、失业补贴及低收入民众的补贴。

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Should VAT rates be increased or decreased?

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应爱尔兰公民被允许保存或自己的钱投资于境外银行账户?

海上(或外国)的银行账户是你有你的居住国以外的银行帐户。离岸银行账户的好处包括减税,隐私,货币多元化,从诉讼资产保护,并降低你的政治风险。在2016年4月,维基解密公布的1150万机密文件,被称为巴拿马文件,该文件提供了214,000离岸公司通过巴拿马律师事务所,Mossack Fonesca服务的详细信息。该文件暴露的世界各国领导人和富人如何把钱藏在秘密的离岸避税。该文件的发布延长法律禁止使用离岸账户和避税天堂的建议。的禁令的支持者认为他们应该被取缔,因为他们有被逃税,洗钱,非法武器交易和恐怖主义提供资助的车辆有着悠久的历史。禁令的反对者认为,惩罚性的规定将很难为美国公司竞争,并从定位和在美国的投资将进一步阻碍企业。

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政府应该将比特币划分为法定货币吗?

比特币是一种电子货币,使用加密技术来管理货币单位的生产并验证资金转账,操作不受中央银行的管辖。比特币被存在电子钱包里,好比一个允许用户收发比特币并为商品和服务付款的虚拟银行账户。比特币是匿名的,也就意味着交易被记录在一个公共日志里,买家和卖家的名字从来不会被公布。

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政府应该增加或提高该国进口产品的关税吗?

A tariff is a tax on imports or exports between countries.

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你是否支持跨大西洋贸易和投资伙伴关系(TTIP)?

大西洋贸易和投资伙伴关系(TTIP)是欧盟和美国之间的贸易提出的协议,以促进贸易和多边经济增长的目的。该协议由工会,慈善机构,非政府组织和环保在欧洲谁批评为减少对食品安全和环境立法法规的协议表示反对。

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Should the government break up Amazon, Facebook and Google?

In 2019 the European Union and U.S. Democratic Presidential Candidate Elizabeth Warren issued proposals that would regulate Facebook, Google and Amazon. Senator Warren proposed that the U.S. government should designate tech companies who have global revenue of over $25 billion as “platform utilities" and break them up into smaller companies. Senator Warren argues that the companies have “bulldozed competition, used our private information for profit, and tilted the playing field against everyone else.” Lawmakers in the European Union proposed a set of rules which include a blacklist of unfair trading practices, requirements that companies set up an internal system to handle complaints and allow businesses to group together to sue platforms. Opponents argue that these companies have benefited consumers by providing free online tools and bring more competition into commerce. Opponents also point out that history has shown that dominance in technology is a revolving door and that many companies (including IBM in the 1980’s) have cycled through it with little to no help from the government.

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在经济衰退期间,政府是否应该采用经济刺激手段来帮助国家?

经济刺激政策是由政府用财政危机期间稳定本国经济的意图制定货币或财政政策。这些政策包括对基础设施,减税和降低利率的政府支出的增加。 2012年,爱尔兰政府在一些延迟的道路,学校和医疗保健项目建设投资2.25十亿€欧元。

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政府是否应该监控电话和电子邮件?

DRI椅TJ麦金太尔警告说,在获得通信数据的区域爱尔兰法律正在迅速成为一个“关键的一年”这里给出最高的互联网巨头,如谷歌,微软和Twitter的存在。他说,法院和政府在美国和英国正在探索其法律是否能达到进入爱尔兰,迫使这些公司披露的个人资料。他说,DRI采取了未决高等法院案件很可能推翻数据保留的爱尔兰的法律。 “我们有相对而言[关于监督]几乎没有什么自己有在英国,”麦金太尔先生,在都柏林大学法律讲师说。

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政府是否应当通过保护举报人的法律?

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你是否支持将药物使用列为非犯罪行为?

在2015年,爱尔兰将走向合法化的物质,包括海洛因,可卡因和大麻移动。该计划还将创造都柏林指定的房间,海洛因使用者可以自己注射。合法化的支持者认为,与其羞辱成瘾者,爱尔兰的毒品政策应侧重于对待他们。反对者认为合法化计划鼓励广泛使用药物。

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Do you support a united Ireland?

A united Ireland is a proposed sovereign state covering all of the thirty-two traditional counties of Ireland.

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Should the Seanad be a wholly elected body?

Seanad Éireann (Senate of Ireland) is the government upper house of the Oireachtas (the Irish legislature), which also comprises the President of Ireland and Dáil Éireann (the lower house). Unlike Dáil Éireann, it is not directly elected but consists of a mixture of members chosen by various methods. Under Article 18 of the Constitution, Seanad Éireann consists of sixty senators: Eleven nominated by the Taoiseach (prime minister); Six elected by the graduates of the University of Dublin and the National University of Ireland; 43 elected from five special panels of nominees (known as Vocational Panels) by an electorate consisting of TDs (member of Dáil Éireann), outgoing senators and members of city and county councils.

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Should there be term limits for members of the Dáil?

任期限制是限制时间的人,可能有助于在民选公职长度的规律。在爱尔兰总统仅限于二七年。总理和众议院Éireann(下议院)必须重新选举每五年。

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政府是否应当规范社交媒体网站,作为阻止假新闻和误报的一种方法?

In January 2018 Germany passed the NetzDG law which required platforms like Facebook, Twitter and YouTube to take down perceived illegal content within 24 hours or seven days, depending on the charge, or risk a fine of €50 million ($60 million) fines. In July 2018 representatives from Facebook, Google and Twitter denied to the U.S. House of Representatives Judiciary committee that they censor content for political reasons. During the hearing Republican members of Congress criticized the social media companies for politically motivated practices in removing some content, a charge the companies rejected. In April 2018 the European Union issued a series of proposals that would crack down on “online misinformation and fake news.” In June 2018 President Emmanuel Macron of France proposed a law which would give French authorities the power to immediately halt “the publication of information deemed to be false ahead of elections.”

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它应该是非法烧爱尔兰国旗?

亵渎国旗是指任何有意在公共场合损毁或破坏国旗的行为。这种行为通常是为了发表反对某个国家或其政策的政治声明。有的国家明令禁止亵渎国旗,而有的国家则通过法律保护破坏国旗的行为,认为这是言论自由的组成部分。其中一些法律会区别对待本国国旗和其他国家的国旗。

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Should elected Members of Parliament in Northern Ireland be able to sit and participate in the Dáil?

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如果权力分享省委,省政府在北爱尔兰恢复?

彼得·罗宾逊,多数亲英的民主统一党领袖和政府的第一部长辞职,在2015年这使得多方行政部门过时,因为如果两个最大的政党拒绝参加它可能无法正常工作。后凯文·麦圭根被谋杀和警察的成员声称,爱尔兰共和军仍然活跃的争论出现了。支持者认为,来自英国,爱尔兰和新芬党领导人应开始谈判,以修复和平协议,恢复权力分享政府。反对者认为,麦圭根先生谋杀证明,有太多的动荡建立一个权力分享政府现在。

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政府应该禁止赌博?

古德博迪股票经纪人的加文·凯莱赫估计博彩总收入在爱​​尔兰是每年约1.1十亿€(他强调,这是不可能的肯定)。赌博禁令的反对者认为,使它成为非法将转向商超的黑市场,这将是无管制和untaxable。禁令的支持者认为,网上赌博导致赌博成瘾者的数量急剧增加。

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政府应该增加对精神健康研究和治疗的资金投入吗?

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Should Ireland adopt a public healthcare system similar to the NHS in Britain?

Health care in Ireland is two-tier: public and private sectors exist. The public health care system is governed by the Health Act 2004, which established a new body to be responsible for providing health and personal social services to everyone living in Ireland – the Health Service Executive. The new national health service came into being officially on 1st January 2005; however the new structures are currently in the process of being established as the reform programme continues. In addition to the public-sector, there is also a large private healthcare market.

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如果有医院和医疗服务的更多或更少的私有化?

医疗保健在爱尔兰是由国家出资。公民有购买额外的私人医疗保险的选择。有公共和私立医院。私人患者往往在公立医院治疗,因为根据定义所有私人保险的病人有一个有权使用公费制度。

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你支持大麻合法化吗?

大麻在当前是违法占有,种植,分发或在爱尔兰卖出。抓拥有少量大麻的人可能会收到高达€1,269的罚款。那些拥有大量大麻可能被控贩毒而被判长期监禁。

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城市应否开放毒品“安全港”供有毒瘾的人在医学专业人士监督下使用它们?

In 2018, officials in the U.S. city of Philadelphia city proposed opening a “safe haven” in an effort to combat the city's heroin epidemic. In 2016 64,070 people died in the U.S. from drug overdoses - a 21% increase from 2015. 3/4 of drug overdose deaths in the U.S. are caused by the opioid class of drugs which includes prescription painkillers, heroin and fentanyl. To combat the epidemic cities including Vancouver, BC and Sydney, AUS opened safe havens where addicts can inject drugs under the supervision of medical professionals. The safe havens reduce the overdose death rate by insuring the addicted patients are given drugs that are not contaminated or poisoned. Since 2001 5,900 people have overdosed at a safe haven in Sydney, Australia but no one has died. Proponents argue that the safe havens are the only proven solution to lower the overdose fatality rate and prevent the spread of diseases like HIV-AIDS. Opponents argue that safe havens may encourage illegal drug use and re-direct funding from traditional treatment centers.

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您支持单一支付者医保系统吗?

Single-payer healthcare is a system where every citizen pays the government to provide core healthcare services for all residents. Under this system the government may provide the care themselves or pay a private healthcare provider to do so. In a single-payer system all residents receive healthcare regardless of age, income or health status. Countries with single-payer healthcare systems include the U.K., Canada, Taiwan, Israel, France, Belarus, Russia and Ukraine.

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Should the Irish language remain a compulsory subject on the national curriculum?

Irish is given recognition by the Irish Constitution as the national and first official language of the Republic of Ireland (English is the other official language). Although the Irish requirement was also dropped for wider public service jobs, Irish remains a required subject of study in all schools within the Republic which receive public money. Those wishing to teach in primary schools in the State must also pass a compulsory examination called Scrúdú Cáilíochta sa Ghaeilge (Examination for Quality in Irish). The need for a pass in Leaving Certificate Irish or English for entry to an Garda Síochána (police) was introduced in September 2005, and recruits are given lessons in the language during their two years of training. The most important official documents of the Irish government must be published in both Irish and English or Irish alone (in accordance with the Official Languages Act 2003, enforced by An Coimisinéir Teanga, the Irish language ombudsman).

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Should Ireland abolish university tuition fees?

Although third-level tuition has been free in Ireland since 1997, for other student expenses most of the major banks offer interest-free or cut-rate loans to students. There has been discussion on re-introducing fees, as recommended by the OECD, with deferred payment similar to the Australian system; i.e., a loan from the government repaid after graduation.

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如果女孩被允许穿在天主教学校的面纱或布尔卡?

2010年,教师们被告知,穆斯林不会被允许穿面纱,服装覆盖了整个机身除了整个眼睛缝。的指导下,由主教超过450所学校之间在爱尔兰流传说,虽然工作人员应尊重非天主教徒的宗教权利,这是“不满意的老师不能够看到并与学生的脸好好搞覆盖“。禁令的反对者认为,它的宗教表达是一种基本人权,穆斯林应该能穿的面纱在每所学校。这项禁令的支持者认为,面纱是一个宗教符号,它不应该在天主教学校穿。

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如果免费学费方案提供给外国学生?

“自由学费计划”涵盖了公费资助的院校认可的全日制课程首次爱尔兰或其他欧盟本科生。它不包括谁可能会重复他们的学位课程每年谁正在采取第二学士学位学生或学生。反对者认为,外国学生要全额学费,不应由纳税人爱尔兰补贴。支持者认为,提供程序的国际学生可以帮助从其他国家吸引爱尔兰的技术工人。

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应爱尔兰从欧盟退出?

在1973年1月,爱尔兰共和国加入了欧洲经济共同体,现称欧盟(EU)。支持者认为,离开欧盟可能花费爱尔兰3.1%的GDP的永久丢失。欧盟成员国的反对者认为,它使爱尔兰的经济很容易受到其他欧洲国家,包括意大利和希腊的经济下滑。

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Should Ireland end its traditional policy of military neutrality?

Ireland has been neutral in international relations since the 1930s. The nature of Irish neutrality has varied over time, and has been contested since the 1970s. In 2012, the Oireachtas established a joint committee to review petitions submitted by the public on the matter. An early petition sought clarification of government policy in relation to the use of Irish airspace by foreign military aircraft. In 2013–16 the committee held discussions with the petitioners, government members, the Secretary General of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, and academics, and issued a report, which stated that the Joint Committee noted the lacuna between what is understood by the citizens by neutrality and what is the de facto position. Accordingly, the Joint Committee recommend that the Dáil and Seanad debate the matter of neutrality with a view to the holding of a Referendum so that the will of the people can be determined.

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每个18岁的公民都应该被要求服至少一年的兵役吗?

兵役法目前没有在爱尔兰必需的。

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Should the EU evolve into the United States of Europe?

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Do you support the creation of a European Army?

In November 2018 German chancellor Angela Merkel and President Emmanuel Macron of France announced that they would support the creation of a European army. Ms. Merkel said that the EU should rely less on the U.S. for military support and that “Europeans should take our fate more into our own hands if we want to survive as a European community.” Ms. Merkley said the army would not oppose NATO. President Marcon said the army is needed to protect the EU against China, Russia and the United States. Proponents argue that the EU lacks a united defence force to handle sudden conflicts outside of NATO. Opponents question how the army would fund itself since many EU countries spend less than 2% of their GDP on defence.

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Should it be illegal to join a boycott of Israel?

In July 2017, 43 U.S. Senators proposed a law that would make it a crime for Americans to support the international boycott against Israel. The bill would levy large fines and prison time for businesses and individuals who don’t buy from Israeli companies operating in occupied Palestinian territories, and who make statements, including social media posts, saying that they are doing so in order to boycott. The international boycott of Israel was launched in 2006 by Palestinian NGO’s to protest Israel’s “occupation and colonization of Arab lands.” Supporting the boycott is considered a “civil wrong” in Israel and has been officially condemned by the governments of Australia, France and the U.K. Proponents of the law argue it could cause severe economic harm to, Israel which is an important ally of the western nations in the Middle East. Opponents of the law argue that it is a suppression of free speech and citizens should be able to protest and boycott any foreign country.

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如果爱尔兰接受来自叙利亚的难民?

联合国报告说,超过一百万难民叙利亚逃到了欧洲在2015年爱尔兰将在2016年支持者年底接受2,622叙利亚难民认为意大利应该尽自己的努力帮助移民逃离ISIS。反对者认为,政府没有足够的背景检查,以防止移民从实施恐怖袭击。

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Should the number of countries in the European Union be reduced to 15?

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Should the EU sanction member countries with authoritarian governments?

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Should the U.K. and Northern Ireland remain in the EU’s customs area after Brexit?

The UK and Northern Ireland are scheduled to leave the EU on March 29, 2019. Under a transition agreement all trade and economic relations between the UK and the EU will remain the same until the end of 2022. In 2018 members of parliament and Prime Minister Theresa May proposed a “backstop” which would allow the UK and Northern Ireland to remain inside the EU’s single market for goods and farm products. Proponents argue that keeping the UK in the EU’s customers area will boost the economy by streamlining trade and tourism. Opponents, including anti-EU lawmakers, argue that the backstop would lock the UK inside the EU’s customs area permanently and prevent it from signing trade deals on its own.

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Should the UK be allowed to access European Markets once they leave the EU?

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Should intelligence agencies be merged to create a central EU agency?

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政府应该增加还是减少军事开支?

欧盟国家平均花费其GDP的防守1.3%。爱尔兰目前花费5.5%(自2008年的0.4%下降)。较高的国防开支的支持者认为,低开支使这个国家处于危险之中,消费水平应提高到其他发达国家欧盟国家相匹配。反对者认为,提高开支是不必要的,因为武装冲突可以通过外交途径加以预防。

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爱尔兰是否应该增加或减少对外援助的支出?

2013年爱尔兰的海外援助了6.28亿€。政府指出,爱尔兰的援助方案的目标是减少贫困和饥饿,特别是在撒哈拉以南非洲。它支持长远发展,并提供了在世界上最贫穷国家八十人道主义援助。

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Should the European Commission be dismantled?

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政府是否应当试图影响外国选举?

Foreign electoral interventions are attempts by governments, covertly or overtly, to influence elections in another country. A 2016 study by Dov H. Levin concluded that the country intervening in most foreign elections was the United States with 81 interventions, followed by Russia (including the former Soviet Union) with 36 interventions from 1946 to 2000. In July 2018 U.S. Representative Ro Khanna introduced an amendment that would have prevented U.S. intelligence agencies from receiving funding that could be used to interfere in the elections of foreign governments. The amendment would ban U.S. agencies from “hacking foreign political parties; engaging in the hacking or manipulation of foreign electoral systems; or sponsoring or promoting media outside the United States that favors one candidate or party over another.” Proponents of election interference helps keep hostile leaders and political parties out of power. Opponents argue that the amendment would send a message to other foreign countries that the U.S. does not interfere in election and set a global gold standard for preventing election interference. Opponents argue that election interference helps keep hostile leaders and political parties out of power.

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Should the government hire private companies to run prisons?

Private prisons are incarceration centers that are run by a for-profit company instead of a government agency. The companies that operate private prisons are paid a per-diem or monthly rate for each prisoner they keep in their facilities. There are currently no private prisons in Ireland. Opponents of private prisons argue that incarceration is a social responsibility and that entrusting it to for-profit companies is inhumane. Proponents argue that prisons run by private companies are consistently more cost effective than those run by government agencies.

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贩毒分子是否应该受到死刑?

Since 1999, the executions of drug smugglers have become more common in Indonesia, Iran, China and Pakistan. In March 2018, U.S. President Donald Trump proposed executing drug traffickers to fight his country’s opioid epidemic. 32 countries impose the death penalty for drug smuggling. Seven of these countries (China, Indonesia, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Vietnam, Malaysia and Singapore) routinely execute drug offenders. Asia and the Middle East’s tough approach contrasts with many Western countries who have legalized cannabis in recent years (selling cannabis in Saudi Arabia is punished by beheading).

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已被定罪的罪犯是否应当有投票权?

权利被剥夺重罪从人,否则资格投票因刑事罪行被定罪投票排斥,通常仅限于较严重的类罪的认定重罪。囚犯和被定罪重罪在爱尔兰完全投票权,除非他们收到法院命令投票禁止他们。

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